Coronavirus: Face masks and coverings to be compulsory in England’s shops

Masks on mannequins in a shop front in LondonImage copyright
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Wearing a face covering in shops and supermarkets in England is to become mandatory from 24 July.

Those who fail to comply with the new rules will face a fine of up to £100, the government has announced.

Health Secretary Matt Hancock said it would “give people more confidence to shop safely and enhance protections for those who work in shops”.

The move will bring England into line with Scotland and other major European nations like Spain, Italy and Germany.

Since mid-May, the public have been advised to wear coverings in enclosed public spaces, where they may encounter people they would not usually meet.

It has been compulsory on public transport in England and at NHS facilities across the UK since 15 June.

Children under 11 and those with certain disabilities will be exempt.

Mr Hancock told the Commons: “The death rate of sales and retail assistants is 75% higher amongst men and 60% higher amongst women than in the general population.”

He added: “There is also evidence that face coverings increase confidence in people to shop.”

The new rule will not apply to retail staff.

It comes as Scotland recorded no new coronavirus deaths for the sixth day in a row, with a further three positive cases identified since Monday. UK figures will be released later.

Labour said ministers’ had been “slow and muddled” on face coverings and questioned why the new rules would not come into force for 11 days.

But Environment Secretary George Eustice told the BBC that research on the use of face coverings, including advice from the World Health Organization, had been “evolving”.

And he said the delay between the announcement and the rule coming into force on 24 July “gives people time to prepare”.

Wearing face coverings in shops is an “appropriate mitigation” against the “overall risk” of the coronavirus, but the rule would not work in pubs, cafes or restaurants, he added.

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Media captionCoronavirus: How to wear a face covering

The latest rules for shops will be enforced by the police, with anyone disregarding them at risk of a fine of up to £100. This will be reduced to £50 if people pay within 14 days.

“A shop can refuse them entry and can call the police if they refuse to comply,” Mr Hancock said.

Growing demands on police

During lockdown, police in England issued around 16,000 fines for alleged breaches of the restrictions.

Enforcing the rules was not always easy, particularly because the regulations were drawn up at the last minute, but forces did at least have enough resources – as crime and emergency calls had fallen sharply.

Now, as the country begins to return to normal, demands on police time are growing again.

That’s one reason why officers don’t want the extra burden of dealing with non-compliant shop customers.

Another factor is a concern is that it may draw police into confrontations with the public at a time when the service is already under the spotlight for its use of tactics, such as stop-and-search.

However, the way the face-covering rules are likely to be drafted means it will be the police, not shop staff, who will be called upon if people refuse to abide by the measures.

Ken Marsh of the Metropolitan Police Federation suggested enforcing the new rule could strain the relationship between police officers and the general public.

And John Apter of the Police Federation said it should be down to shops to make wearing a face covering a “condition of entry”.

In Scotland, the use of coverings in shops has been mandatory since 10 July – but few fines have been issued.

Shoppers in Wales and Northern Ireland are not currently required to wear them, although both nations have said this will be kept under review.

Will customers be happy?

Face coverings steam up your glasses, they’re uncomfortable, they infringe on personal freedom, according to BBC Radio 5 Live listeners.

Andy, from Manchester, says the discomfort means he’s less likely to go to the shops and now worries shopping must carry a higher risk than he thought.

But there’s reassurance from Scotland, where face coverings have been mandatory in shops since Friday.

Pamela, who runs a clothes shop in East Kilbride, says most of her customers have been happy to wear one – only one refused because they didn’t like it.

Boris Johnson signalled a shift in the government’s position on Friday when he spoke of the need for a stricter approach in confined setting.

But Cabinet Office minister Michael Gove downplayed the suggestion of any immediate legal change on Sunday.

‘Slow and muddled’

Labour said the mixed messages demonstrated the government’s indecision during the pandemic, and ministers had to explain the “further delay”.

“The government has been slow and muddled again,” shadow health secretary Jonathan Ashworth said.

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Downing Street

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Boris Johnson has been seen wearing a cloth face covering in recent days

A No 10 spokesman said: “There is growing evidence that wearing a face covering in an enclosed space helps protect individuals and those around them from coronavirus.

“The prime minister has been clear that people should be wearing face coverings in shops and we will make this mandatory from 24 July.”

Unions and businesses have said the new guidance must be “clear and detailed” to protect staff and customers.

While welcoming clarity over the issue, shop workers union Usdaw said coverings could not be a substitute for strict hygiene controls and social distancing measures.

The British Retail Consortium said it hoped the announcement “will make shoppers feel even more confident about returning to the High Street”.

Scarves or other textile items that can be used to continually cover the nose and mouth without having to be held in place by hand are considered adequate in non-medical settings.

There has been a reported increase in the use of face coverings by people in England, Scotland and Wales.

More than half of adults surveyed by the Office for National Statistics in the first week of July said they used a covering while outside their home.

Downing Street said it would keep the guidance on face coverings in other settings, such as offices, under review.