Many lives have been ruined because officials failed to hear the concerns of women given drugs and procedures that caused them or their babies considerable harm, says a review.
More than 700 women and their families shared “harrowing” details about vaginal mesh, Primodos and an epilepsy drug called sodium valproate.
Too often worries and complaints were dismissed as “women’s problems”.
It says arrogant attitudes left women traumatised, intimidated and confused.
June Wray, 73 and from Newcastle, experienced chronic pain after having a vaginal mesh procedure in 2009.
“Sometimes the pain is so severe, I feel like I will pass out.
“But when I told GPs and surgeons, they didn’t believe me. They just looked at me like I was mad.”
The chairwoman of the highly critical review, Baroness Julia Cumberlege, said the families affected deserved a fulsome apology from the government.
She said: “I have conducted many reviews and inquiries over the years, but I have never encountered anything like this; the intensity of suffering experienced by so many families, and the fact that they have endured it for decades. Much of this suffering was entirely avoidable, caused and compounded by failings in the health system itself.”
Marie Lyon was prescribed Primodos when she was pregnant with her daughter, who was born with a shortened arm. She began campaigning in 1978 and said the review was a “relief that there has finally been an acknowledgement” of the situation.
Mrs Lyon, chairwoman of the Association for Children Damaged by Hormone Pregnancy Tests, said there was also “great sadness” that many of the original campaign members were not alive to see the result of the review.
She described Baroness Cumberlege as “a very brave lady” for producing “such a hard-hitting, truthful review of what’s actually happening to women”.
Health Minister Nadine Dorries said she was determined to make the changes needed to protect women in the future.
“Our health system must learn from those it has failed. We will now give this independent review the full and careful consideration it deserves before setting out our full response.”
The cases span decades and are thought to affect hundreds of thousands of women and babies.
The review looked at three treatments:
- Primodos – a hormonal pregnancy test, withdrawn from the market in the 1978, which is thought to be associated with birth defects and miscarriages. The manufacturer, Schering, now part of Bayer, has always denied a link between the drug and deformities in babies.
- Sodium valproate – an epilepsy drug which, while effective for preventing seizures, can be harmful if taken during pregnancy, causing physical abnormalities to the baby in the womb as well as developmental delay and autism in children whose mothers took it.
- Pelvic mesh implants – used as a surgical option to treat prolapse and incontinence, some women say they have been left with internal damage and agonising chronic pain “like razors inside the body”. In the last few years, the procedure has only been offered on the NHS under exceptional circumstances and high vigilance.
The review talks of missed opportunities when something could or should have been done to prevent harm.
It says there was a culture of denial by a disjointed and defensive healthcare system that failed to listen to patients’ concerns.
“The system, and those that oversee it, need to acknowledge what has gone so badly wrong.”
Hundreds of babies are being born each year to mothers “unaware” of the risks that sodium valproate can pose in pregnancy, says the review.
While some women have benefited from mesh implants, others have been left in agony.
The review warns against pushing innovative treatments without enough long-term monitoring, and criticises manufacturers for being motivated by sales ahead of safety.
And it recommends:
- Appointing an independent patient safety commissioner to talk and act from the perspective of the patient and hold the health system to account
- Setting up discretionary payment schemes to meet the financial care costs of those already affected
- Creating a redress agency to help resolve future disputes
- Transparency of payments made to doctors by pharmaceutical and medical device companies
Kath Sansom, founder of Sling the Mesh campaign and a mother of two, said: “The report is hard hitting and recognises the total failure in patient safety, regulation and oversight in the UK.
“It also makes it very clear that our medical establishment is deeply entrenched in institutional denial and misogyny.
“While we welcome all of the recommendations, there is no glory in knowing thousands of women have been maimed by mesh since the late 1990s then ignored when they asked for help suffering debilitating, life altering and irreversible pain.”
Epilepsy Action deputy chief executive Simon Wigglesworth said: “Nothing can undo the avoidable harm and distress that has been caused by the decades of government silence and inaction. However, with the publication of the report and these recommendations, we can now start to move forward.
“As well as providing support to those families already affected, it is important to ensure that all women and girls taking this medication are aware of the risks, and able to make an informed choice about whether or not to take valproate.”